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+90 544 363 1002

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Bayrampasa Istanbul Turkey

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MEDICAL ONCOLOGY

MEDICAL ONCOLOGY

With a serious illness such as cancer, there are often many possibilities for treatment and recovery. When choosing a hospital, for a second opinion or when beginning a treatment, it is important to investigate the quality and qualifications of the consultants, the treatment alternatives available and the characteristics of the care environment.

Alethia, with partner hospitals brings together all the medical procedures needed to cure cancer. Our team of professionals and internationally renowned Oncologists place special emphasis on personalized care for each patient.

Gathers together all the medical structures related to the prevention, diagnosis and processing of cancer:

  • Diagnostic imaging
  • Pathological anatomy
  • Surgery
  • Medical Oncology
  • Radiation oncology
  • Oncology Committee

The cancer treatment administered depends on the type of cancer and its severity. The treatment of cancer is usually on-going for some time and therefore the Oncological Institute is constantly ensuring, that they have access the latest advancements and developments in these treatments.

 

Our Oncology Department consists of a series of functional units that work closely together to form a multidisciplinary team who creates a comprehensive and individualised cancer treatment plan. This ensure that patients receive personalised care according to the type of tumour.

 

The team work alongside any other relevant departments to determine the patient’s therapeutic and diagnostic treatment.

 

Comprises of the following units:

Functional Unit for breast tumour and gynecological tumour

Comprising of consultants from Gynecology, Plastic Surgery, Radiology, Nuclear

Medicine (Sentinel Node), Medical Oncology and Radiation Oncology

Functional Unit for digestive tumour

Comprising of consultants from General Surgery, Interventional Radiology, Medical

Oncology and Radiation Oncology.

Functional Unit for urological tumour and lymphoma

Comprising of consultants from Urology, Medical Oncology and Radiation Oncology.

Functional Unit for Genetic Counselling and Screening

Comprising of consultants from Medical Oncology, Radiology, Pulmonology and Gastroenterology.

Functional unit for lung, head tumour and neck tumour

Comprising of consultants of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Oncology and Radiation Oncology, Neurosurgery, Neurology.

The success of the cancer treatment depends on early detection and the progression of cancer.

  • Included
    MEDICAL ONCOLOGY

 

Alethia offers both standards chemotherapy treatments as well as more advanced molecular treatments.

 

Standard chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells.

There are more than 100 different medicines which can fight cancer and prevent the growth, propagation and spreading of malignant cells.

When cells are healthy, they grow and divide in a controlled manner. However, cancer cells are precisely are different and grow uncontrollably.

These medications, which can be used on their own or in combination with others, are designed to block this chaotic multiplication of cells.

The various agents used in cancer therapies work and affect malignant cells in different ways.

 

Chemotherapy administration

Chemotherapeutic agents can be given in these forms :

  • Orally
  • As intramuscular or intravenous injections
  • Through a catheter, a flexible tube that is inserted into a large vein for the whole treatment process.
  • Intrathecal Route (intraspinal space)

There are other routes of administration, depending on the case.

 

The dosage and type of drugs vary according to the types of cancer and according to the response or overall situation of the patient.

 

They can be administered daily or even each week or monthly. Generally, chemotherapy treatments are alternated with rest periods in order to allow the organism to produce healthy cells again and recover from the effect of the medication. Usually each cycle lasts three or four weeks.

 

Objectives of Chemotherapy

Depending on the type of cancer and its stage, chemotherapy may be used with different objectives:

  • To cure the cancer
  • To control the cancer
  • As palliative pain management

 

Chemotherapy as an adjuvant to another cancer treatment:

In many occasions the pharmacological treatment is complimented by the use of radiation therapy, or even used as to complement surgical intervention in the form of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (the drugs aim to shrink the tumour before it can be removed) or as adjuvant chemotherapy (when the therapy is used after surgery to kill of any possible malignant cells that may still be remaining in the body).

 

Molecular therapy against cancer

Molecular targeted therapy is quite a novel form of treatment which uses molecular drugs to identify and attack cancer cells without damaging  the healthy cells in the same way that standard drugs can.

The healthy cell is modified to become cancerous and is transformed into a tumour. Molecular treatments directly attack this process and block it. The cancer cells being blocked are called molecular targets.

They are often classified by the way they act on the cell or according to their target in the cell.

 

Administration of molecular therapy:

Molecular therapy can be given in these ways:

  • Orally,
  • As intramuscular or intravenous injections
  • Through catheter, a flexible tube that is inserted into a large vein for the whole treatment process.
  • Intrathecal Route ( intraspinal space)

 

Objectives of molecular targeted therapy:

Depending on the type of cancer and its stage, chemotherapy may be used with different objectives:

  • To cure the cancer
  • To control the cancer

 

Molecular therapy as an adjuvant to another cancer treatment :

On many occasions the molecular therapy is complemented by the use of radiation therapy, or even used as a complement to surgery to eliminate any malignant cell that might remain in the body.

 

RADIATION ONCOLOGY

 

Radiation therapy is another form of cancer treatment, along with chemotherapy, oncological surgery, hormone therapy and immunotherapy.

It is used in approximately 70% of patients going through an oncological process.

This therapy uses high energy ionizing radiation generated by a linear accelerator, which is directed at the cancer. It is, therefore, a local and regional treatment.

The aim of radiation therapy is to destroy the cells ability to grow and multiply by working on both, the diseased cells (more sensitive to radiation) and also on the healthy cells (with have a greater chance of recovering from the damage).

The intention of the radiation therapy is to administer a proper dose to the diseased cells whilst causing the least possible damage on the healthy cells (this is called therapeutic index).

 

Objectives of oncological radiation:

  • Radical radiotherapy: seeks to heal the patient.
  • Radiotherapy as a complement to surgery: its purpose is curative, either to decrease the tumour volume before surgery (preoperative) or to destroy the residual cells after surgery (postoperative).
  • Palliative radiation therapy: seeks to curb the growth of the tumour and control or alleviate possible symptoms such as pain and bleeding.